U/s 5 and 7 of the Explosives Act. 1884, these rules were published on 2-3-1983 (EXPLOSIVES RULES 1983). They have 10 chapters, 186 rules, 8 Schedules, 40 Forms under Schedule V and 8 specifications (guidelines) under schedule VII Last schedule VIII gives safety distances in two tables. Five annexure are given at the end. Exhaustive details are provided of which a short abstract is given below:
Definitions: Chief Controller of Explosive (CCE) is the main authority. He can realise a capable individual via giving him a certificates of competency. Prohibited explosives mean that u/s 6, authorised explosives mean those published by the Government and permitted explosives mean those permitted by the Director General of Mines Safety to be used in underground coal mines.
Detonator, safety cartridge, safety fuse, safety zone etc. Are defined. Magazine manner a building to store extra than 5 kg of explosive and mainly built as accepted through the CCE. Protected works include a residing residence, university, school, medical institution, theatre, manufacturing facility, storage of risky materials, public road, railway, waterways, dams, reservoirs, high tension power lines. Safety zone is a distance required between such covered work and a licensed factory, mag or keep-house.
Safety Distance Categories of explosives According to the risks, they are as under: EXPLOSIVES RULES 1983
X – Which have a fire or slight explosion risk or both but the effect is local.
Y – Which have a mass hearth chance or a moderate explosion chance however now not the risk of mass explosion.
Z – Which have mass explosion risk and major missile effect.
ZZ – Which have mass explosion risk and minor missile effect.
On any question of category, decision of the CCE shall be final.
General Provisions (Chap-II, Rules 5 to 20): EXPLOSIVES RULES 1983
- Import, export, shipping, manufacture, manner, use or promote of unauthorised explosives is unlawful. Testing and trial are approved in a licensed factory. (R. 5).
- Application for authorisation of explosives is necessary.Particulars are prescribed for submission. A sample will be sent as consistent with instruction from CC (R. 6).
- Tests prescribed [R. 6 (6)]
- Physical properties including consistency, reaction, tendency to absorb moisture, segregation of the constituents, exudation, behaviour at low temperature, specific gravity etc.
- Chemical composition – percentage and quality of ingredients.
- Stability – effect of environmental conditions which would produce spontaneous ignition or variation in sensitiveness.
- Ignition characteristics – ignition point, behaviour, liability to spontaneous ignition.
- Mechanical sensitiveness to friction and impact.
- Air gap sensitivity and transmission of detonation.
- Velocity of detonating.
- Strength determination.
- Gases evolved upon explosion.
- Such other tests specified by the CCE.
- Any other test required by CCE.
- Delivery and Dispatch under licence and not exceeding the quantity (R. 7).
- Packing as consistent with Schedule II and after approval of the pattern (R. 8).
- Marking of packages should mention the world “EXPLOSIVES’’ (not required for fireworks and safety fuse), name of the authorised explosive, class number and division, safety distance category, name of manufacture, consignor and consignee, net weight and letter ‘P’ for permitted explosive (R. 9).
- Weight of explosive shall not include the weight of the packing box (10).
- Competent person should be in-charge of operations (R.11).
- Precautions in handling- Floor should be checked, cleaned and swept before and after use.The packages shall now not be thrown, dropped, rolled or pulled however shall be passed from hand to hand and carefully deposited. A slug package should be prevented from fall (R. 12).
- Handing between sundown and sunrise is restrained until proper lighting and guarding is furnished (R. 13).
- Within 15 metre of an explosive storage or at its place of handling or transport, smoking, fires, lights and flammable substances to cause fire or explosion such as acids, petroleum, calcium carbide, compressed gases shall not be allowed (R. 14).
- No person will carry matches, knives, fuses, iron or steel or wear shoes with iron nails (R. 15).
- Spilt explosive shall be safety destroyed (R. 16).
- Employment of person below 18 years, intoxicated persons and persons of unsound mind is prohibited (R. 17).
- Precautions in opposition to risk from water (in-compatible) or publicity to solar or warmth are necessary (R. 18).
- Special precautions against accident (fire or explosion), thefts, and entry of unauthorised person near explosives are necessary. (R. 19).
- Nitro-glycerine or Ethylene glycol di-nitrate or explosives of Class-5, unauthorised, deteriorated or damaged explosives shall not be transported without approval of CC, except within the licensed factory solely for the purpose of manufacture of explosives (R. 20).
For class of explosives see Sch. 1
Import & Export (Chapter-III, Rule 21 to 31): EXPLOSIVES RULES 1983
Licence vital (R. 21). Rules for import and export via sea, land and air are prescribed.
Transport (Chapter-IV, R 32 to 86): EXPLOSIVES RULES 1983
Licence important (R. 32). Certain explosives can not be transported together (R. 33). Safety certificate is needed (R. 34). No delivery of explosives with passengers (R. 35). Maximum weights as per R. 36. Loading and unloading procedure (R. 38 to R. 45.). Transport by water (R. 46 to 61) Transport by Rail (R. 62 to 74). Transport by Road (R. 75 to 86). Licence for road van necessary. Towing not allowed. Four wheel chocks to be carried all of the time. In case of fireplace, visitors to be stopped 300 metres away. Accident to be stated. Two hearth extinguishers of two kg or greater capability required with road van.
Manufacture (Chapter-V, Rule 87 to 112): EXPLOSIVES RULES 1983
Licence necessary (R. 87) and not necessary (R. 88). Approval of CC required (R. 89) Factory must have a wall or fencing 2 metre excessive to save you unauthorised entry (R. 90). Interior should be free from grit, iron or steel and kept clean (R. 92). Surrounding mound or blast wall as approved by CC (R. 93). Oiled cotton, rags or waste now not allowed to keep away from spontaneous ignition (R. 94). Non-sparking tools manufactured from timber, copper, brass or tender steel should be used (R. 95). Notice of most amount of material and folks in a piece room to be exhibited on method building (R. 96). Smoking prohibited (R. 97). Lightning conductor as per IS 2309, yearly checking of earth resistance and its notice are necessary (R. 98). During thunder-storms work must be suspended and employees to be withdrawn to a secure region (R. 99). Foreign be counted in ingredients to be removed (R. One hundred). Protection against fire. Cloths without pockets (R. 101) Residues will be quick removed (R. 102). Before sporting out repairs to constructing, explosives will be removed (R. 103). Employment of competent person for process supervision (R. 104). Birth or fitness certificate is necessary for age between 18 to 21 (R. 105). Every automobile, trolley or receptacle to hold explosives will be loose from iron steel and many others. And be protected or closed (R. 106). Maintenance of building, plant and equipment should be regular and good. (R. 107). Testing facilities as approved by CC (R. 108). Safe disposal of waste explosive (R. 109). Unsafe process to be stopped (R. 110). Up to date records to be maintained for 2 years (R. 112).
Possession, Sale and Use (Chapter-VI, Rule 113 to 153): EXPLOSIVES RULES 1983
Licence necessary (R. 113) and not necessary (R. 114). Use of licensed premises only (R. 115). Protection from lightning (R. 116). Precautions during thunderstorm (R. 117). Building to be kept clean (R. 118 & 120). Maintenance of facts (R. 119). Hazardous articles not to be carried. Search for them and for cloths with out pockets and appropriate footwear (R. 121). Premises to be kept locked (R. 122). Security guards for the clock (R. 123). Repackaging or opening at safe place and safe distance (R. 124). Explosives no longer to be stored in broken bins (R. 125). No garage exceeding certified quantity (R. 126). Magazine storage in mode A or B as specified in Sch. VII (R. 129). Surrounding by mound (R. 131) and on ground floor only (R. 132). Store house of sound construction (R. 134). Type of premises, ground level minimum floor 9m2, separate entry and exit (R. 136). Safety distance 15 metre or more from storage of explosives, flammable or hazardous materials (R. 137). No sale of other articles (R. 138).
Use of Explosives: Competent individual to be employed (R. 144). Restrictions on practise of costs (R. One hundred forty five). Restriction to hold at the blasting website online (R. 146). Examination before use (R. 147). Precautions at site (R. 148). Warning procedure (R. 147). Precautions while firing (R. 150), against stray currents (R. 151) fire, or accident (R. 152). Blasting, operations under the Mines Act, 1952 are allowed.
Licences (Chapter VII, R 154 to 174).
Fees (Chapter VIII, R. 175 to 177).
Powers and Penalties (Chapter IX, R. 178 to 181).
Accidents and Enquiries (Chapter X, R. 182 to 186).
Notice forthwith to the CCE, Nagpur, CE below jurisdiction and nearest police station (R. 182). Procedure at courts of inquiry (R. 183). Inquiry by using a District Magistrate or a Police Commissioner (R. 184). Inquiry into greater severe injuries (R. 185).
Schedule I (R. 3) Classes of Explosives: EXPLOSIVES RULES 1983
Class 1 – Gun-powder
Class 2 – Nitrate – mixture
Class 3 – Nitro-compound
Class 4 – Chlorate-mixture
Class 5 – Fulminate
Class 6 – Ammunition
Class 7 – Fireworks
Class 8 – Liquid Oxygen Explosives.
Details list of chemicals is given under each of these classes.
Schedule II (R. 8) Packing of explosives
Schedule III (R. 21) Methods of Testing
Schedule IV (R. 155) Licensing Authority
Schedule V Forms 1 to 40
Schedule VI Explosives permitted to be imported and transported by air
Schedule VII Specification as under-
- Road van to carry explosives.
- Motor truck together with compressor unit
3, 4 & 5. Metal cases for conveyance of explosives.
- Magazines (Storage), Mode A&B
- Compressor mounted motor truck or tractor.