Heat Rush – Usually occurs in hot humidity environments where sweat cannot evaporates easily. If a rash cover a large area it may become uncomfortable.
Symptoms – Rash characterized by small pink or red bumps, Irritation or prickly sensation, Itching.
First Aid – Keep skin clean and dry to prevent infection, wear loose cotton clothing, Take a cool bath or sit in the air conditioning to ease irritation.
Heat cramps – Muscle spasms which usually affect the arms, legs or stomach, generally occur from intensive works done in hot environment such as.. welding, gas cutting.
Symptoms – Cramping or spasms of muscles, may occur during or after work or a few hours later.
First Aid – Rest briefly a cool or shaded area and cool down, drink an electrolyte containing drink such as Gatorade.
Heat exhaustion – Is more serious then heat cramps, it occur when the body internal air conditioning system is overloaded, but hasn’t completely shut down it occurs because the body has lost large amount of water and salt through excessive sweating.
Symptoms – Cool, moist skin, headache, dizziness, low fever, rapid pulse rate, and low blood pressure.
First Aid – Move the person to cool location and lie down with feet slightly elevated, loosen or remove the person’s clothing and apply cool wet cloth, drinking cool water, monitor the person closely, heat exhaustion can quickly become heat stroke, if the person has a fever greater then 102 degree , call for medical assistance.
Heat stroke – This is the most serous heat related illness it is life threatening with high death rate if it is onset. Heat stroke occurs when the body has depleted its supply of water and salt and the victims body temperature rises to deadly levels. The body is not able to regulate its core temperature.
Symptoms – The victims stops sweating, rapid heart beat, confused unconscious, high body temperature 104 degree F.
First Aid – Remove any unnecessary clothing, move to a cool place, out of direct sun light, apply ice pecks to the groin, neck, and arms, pits, do not give them fluids to drink.