Cross ties with mouths inside. When pile is five feet high, step back by one row for each additional three feet. Do not remove a bag from a lower row first Prevent fire risks.
Pipe and Bar Stock
Consider the strength of the floor. Pile in layers with strips of wood or iron between layers. Strips should have blocked at one end. Bar steel stock would be stored in racks inclining towards the back to prevent rolling. The stack height should be limited to 2-meter buttons should be placed between tire of bundles to facilitate slinging. Heavier bars should rest on rollers. Lightbars may be stored vertically in a rack.
Barrels and Drum Storage
The pyramid shape is safer. The bottom row should be blocked when stacked on sides. If piled on ends. upright, planks should be laid between rows, Strength of the drum, its size, shape, and weight should also be considered.
Metal Sheets and Plates Storage
If the sheets are in bundles and of fairly standard size, they can be safely stacked up to 2-meter height with buttons between each bundle. Sheets of random size should be stored in the toast racking form. Heavy steel plates of more than 4 feet width should be laid horizontally. With plates of varying sizes, the largest ones should be at the bottom and the smallest on the top. Use leather gloves or gloves with metal inserts to hold sharp edges and corners.
Long Objects Storage
A pile of lumber (bamboo, timber) should not be more than 20 feet high. Tie pieces are needed not only to stabilize the pile but also to provide air circulation. These pieces should not extend much into gangways.
Loaded cartons should be stored on platforms or shelves to protect against moisture or breakage. When the sides are of unequal size, the tires should be so laid as to give natural bonding and provide stability. If natural bonding is not possible provide artificial bonding by a sheet or a wrapping paper placed between two layers.
Paper Reels Storage
The forklift can be used to store reels on ends. For stacking on ends, a well-leveled floor is essential and the reels should be of the same diameter. Reels may be stored in a horizontal position in resting tires. Then the first or bottom row should be blocked to prevent the rolls from shifting.
Liquid Chemicals Storage
Portable containers such as drums, barrels, and carboys should be stored and handled carefully. Storeroom should have impervious walls and floors and provision for safe disposal of spillage. Before handling, check corrosion of nails or weakening of packing by the chemical. For transporting carboys use a carboy trolley. Safe way to empty a carboy is to move liquid by suction from the vacuum pump or start the siphon by means of a rubber bulb. Properly designed carboy inclinators are also satisfactory. Before piling, empty carboys should be thoroughly drained and stoppers replaced.
Gas Cylinder Storage
- Cylinders may be rolled on the bottom edge but never dragged.
- Carry cylinder in a cradle or in a suitable type of carrying the device.
- Do not permit them to strike each other violently. Tie verticle cylinder by the chain.
- While returning empty cylinders or when not in use, close the valve and replace the valve protection cap.
- Always consider cylinders as full and handle them with care. Do not store gas cylinders in the sun or excess heat.
- Follow the Gas Cylinder Rules 2004, IS:5903 and other Indian and International standards.
Handling of Hazardous Material/Dangerous Substances/Chemicals
USA Code (Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations) defines hazardous material as “Any substance which has been determined to be capable of imposing an unreasonable risk to person or property” It further states that no person may offer or accept a hazardous material for transportation in commerce within the United States unless that material is properly classed, described, packaged, marked, labeled and in good condition for shipment.
- Dangerous substances should be handled and stored under the supervision of a competent person who is familiar with the risks and the precautions to be taken.
- In case doubt as to the nature of the risk or the precautions to be taken, the necessary instructions should be obtained from the MSDS and the competent authority.
- When dangerous substances are to be handled or stored the workers’ concerned should be given adequate information concerning their nature and special precautions to be observed in handling them.
- Special precautions, such as the provision of mats, sling nets, boxes, and high sided pallets should be taken to prevent breakage of or damage to containers of dangerous substances.
- If containers of dangerous substances are broken or damaged to a dangerous extent, work should be stopped and the workers concerned removed to a safe place until the danger has been eliminated.
- When highly flammable material is being handled, special measures should be taken to ensure that an incipient fire can be controlled immediately.
- When necessary, non-sparking tools should be provided and used in an explosive atmosphere.
- Where corrosive substances are handled or stored, special precautions should be taken to prevent damage to the containers and to render any spillage harmless.
- Workers handling harmful substances should thoroughly wash their hands and face with soap and water before taking any food or drink.