Health and Safety Management:-
- Systematic use of techniques to identify and remove hazards, the control of risks which remain, and the use of techniques to influence the behavior and encourage safe attitudes. This is the primary responsibility of safety management.
Practical Objectives of Safety Management:-
- Gain support from all concerned for the health and safety effort.
- Motivate, educate and train – to enable recognition of hazards.
- Achieve hazard control by design and purchasing.
- Support inspection system to provide feedback.
- Ensure hazard control principles form part of supervisory training.
- Devise and introduce controls based on risk assessment.
- Comply with regulations and standards.
- Report all unsafe acts and condition to the immediate supervisor.
- Start work only when conditions are safe and stop work when it is unsafe.
- Operate equipment only when authorised and prescribed manner.(If applicable)
- Report any injury or accident immediately.
- Understanding the HSE requirements of the Project from this Plan, HSE Management Systems, HSE Manual & following the same in execution of the work.
- Ensuring the workmen under him wear the necessary personal protective equipment respective to the job.
- Eliminating all unsafe conditions in their work area.
- Know the critical activities of his job based on the Group Risk Assessment and ensure implementation of the Risk control measures.
- Participating with the HSE Engineer / Officer or the committee Members in the Project HSE Inspection.
- To follow all work permit system as per client requirements or HSE Management System before starting of similar work.
- To report all near miss cases / reportable LTI /dangerous occurrences / fatality to HSE Engineer immediately verbally & submitting the preliminary accident report within 12 hours.
- Informing the concerned authority as per the emergency response plan.
What does Management expects from us?
- Benchmark our safety performance with that of advanced countries.
- To achieve safety performance similar to the best in the world.
- Every site engineer must also be a quality engineer and a safety engineer – three in one.
- The culture of “Safety First” must be established at our sites.
Key elements of effective safety management:-
- Commitment from Management.
- Involvement of each and every one at site
- Encouragement and motivation to all so that every one contributes to safety effort
- A good safety management system
- Effective implementation and enforcement
- To make workers aware of the hazard, method of work, use of tools & tackles, PPE before commencement of days work.
- Site Engineer/Site supervisor conducts PEP talk every day before start of work.
- Workmen are enlightened on hazards of job, precautions to be taken, case study on previous similar accident, usage of PPE etc.
- Training is important aspect of Safety Management function.
- Training needs are identified and Training calendar is prepared.
- Training programmes are conducted as per the schedule.
To identify unsafe condition / unsafe act which may lead to accidents during the execution and suggest remedial measures.
Causes of Accidents:-
- Working without authority.
- Failure to warn others of danger
- Using dangerous equip.
- Using wrong equipment
- Failure to issue control measures
- Horseplay ..etc ..
- Inadequate or missing machine guards.
- Defective tools or equipment.
- Fire Hazards.
- Ineffective housekeeping.
- Excessive noise.
- Poor ventilation and lighting ..etc…etc..
Management System Pressures
- Financial restrictions.
- Lack of commitment.
- Lack of policy.
- Lack of standards.
- Lack of training.
- Group attitude.
- Trade customs.
- Society attitudes to risk taking.
- ‘Acceptable’ behavior in the workplace.
Work Permit System:
To specify adequate safety measures in advance to ensure safe execution of work in the designated work places.
The following Work Permit Systems are used at Site:-
- Working in confined space.
- Carrying out hot work in specified location.
- Giving clearance for excavation work.
- Carrying out Industrial Radiography.
- Working on P&M and other power driven equipment.
- Carrying out electrical work (HT / LT)
- Removal of covers from manholes / openings.
- Fire extinguishers are provided at required locations at site.
- Safety Engineer familiarizes site personnel with the basic fire fighting techniques and handling of portable fire fighting equipment.
- He carries out live demonstration on simulated fires.
Management of First-aid:-
- Trained first aiders are deployed at site.
- First aid boxes are provided at convenient location under the charge of first aider.
- First aid treatment is given to injured person. If required the injured person is shifted to hospital.
- Monthly analysis of first aid cases is made by SSC and it is discussed in site safety meeting.
Accident / Dangerous Occurrence Reporting, Investigation and analysis:-
- All accidents & dangerous occurrences are reported, investigated & analysed.
- Corrective and preventive actions are immediately taken based on investigation report to avoid similar accidents in future.
Tools used in an effective Safety Management System:-
- Formal inspections, surveys and audits
- Risk Assessments
- Hazard Monitoring – Occupational Hygiene
- Medical/ Health Surveillance
- Fault Tree Analysis
- Effective and Appropriate Training
- Provision of Information