Housekeeping means cleanliness and orderliness. A good housekeeping means a place of everything and everything in its place. Poor housekeeping is a source of the accident in industry.
A poor housekeeping means the resistance of unsafe condition at the workplace which may cause an accident. Example of poor housekeeping are given below:
- Floor and lose articles, nails, oil, grease, ditch/pit, uncovered manhole, broken uneven manhole etc.
- Workplace, workbench, wall, ceiling, door, the window full of dust, dirt or unwanted things hanging or laying giving a shabby look.
- Non-disposal of scrap, effluent, and waste from the workplace.
- Non-extraction of air pollutants like dust, fumes, smoke, gases, vapor, mist, etc. From the work environment.
- Inadequate ventilation causing discomfort in the workplace in the term of temperature, humidity etc.
- Non-provision or blocking approaches to emergency equipment (fire bucket, fire extinguisher, first aid box, emergency shower etc.).
- Keeping or stacking materials, equipment, tools etc at such a position as to hinder easy and safe movement of men and materials or stack may collapse by slight disturbance.
Housekeeping vs safety
A good housekeeping takes care of all the shortcomings mentioned above and makes a workplace conducive, safe and comfortable. Workers find it easy and less tiring to complete their tasks successfully and safely. If the floor, wall, door, window, ceiling, workbench etc are carefully maintained out of duet, dust, unwanted things, illumination and ventilation are properly maintained storage of materials are paid due attention and emergency equipment are promptly available when needed, it may be called good housekeeping.
These housekeeping will play a vital role in achieving safety in the industry. A good standard of housekeeping may be maintained if we follow the DO’S and DONT’S given below:
- Keep your surroundings clean to the extent possible.
- Maintain floor free from cracks, pit holes, unevenness, loose articles, nails, sharp objects, oil, greased, chemicals, scraps, etc.
- Ensure your workbench/table free from unwanted things.
- Keep tools, accessories, attachments and other essential devices at their respective place after use.
- Ensure the extraction of dust, fume, gas, vapors, the mist from your work area.
- Store materials without blocking normal passage in the shop floor, etc.
- Do not throw oily waste here and there.
- Do not smoke or use naked flame in the restricted area marked “NO SMOKING”.
- Do not keep loose articles/object narrowing down a common passageway, gangway etc.
- Do not misuse fire bucket.
- Do not allow unwanted things to accumulate in your workplace.
A good housekeeping adds Grace to safety. A prudent management desirous of achieving higher productivity pays adequate attention to maintain a reasonable standard of good housekeeping.
WHAT IS 5S IN HOUSEKEEPING?
5s is a Japanese concept which explains the systematics steps to the workplace management. Workplace includes shop floor, plant, and offices. With the practice of 5’S, work can be done cheaper, quicker, more easily and fewer mistake. It can be used as a basis for maintaining good housekeeping. The full form of 5’S are:
- SEIRI: SORTING OUT
- SEITON: SYSTEMATIC ARRANGEMENT
- SEISO: SWEEPING
- SEIKETSU: SANITIZING
- SHITSUKE: SELF-DISCIPLINE
- SHORTING- clearly distinguish needed items from in needed items and eliminate the latter.
- SYSTEMATIZING– keeping the needed items in the correct place to allow for easy and immediate retrieval.
- SWEEPING- keeping the workshop swept and clean.
- SANITIZING- this is the condition we get from when we maintain the first three S’ s I.e. sorting, systematizing, and sweeping.
- SELF DISCIPLINE- make a habit of maintaining established procedures.